By Pat Pepper
While birding at SGG on Monday, Sept.15, I ran into Stefanie Haerynck, SGG’s education coordinator. We started talking when I noticed a bird quickly dive into a small tree behind Stefanie. We were standing just off the northwest section of the main lawn.
I told Stefanie I would like to see what bird had flown into the tree so I got my binoculars on it. It was a Brown Thrasher, and it was hungrily gulping the red berries on the tree. While I could ID the bird, I could not ID the tree. I asked Stefanie if she knew what type of tree it was, and she did! She told me it was a linden viburnum (Viburnum dilatatum).
This incident got me thinking about the relation between birds and what they eat to our ability to find and ID many birds. This is an area in which I definitely need more knowledge and field experience, but I would like to share some basic information I have learned about what trees and flowers we can plant in our yards that attract birds.
According to the USDA, north Georgia is in Zone 7 for plant hardiness, so I will only suggest bird-friendly plants that can exist in Zone 7.
If you want to attract thrashers, you can plant ‘Heritage’ everbearing red raspberry, Washington hawthorn (Crataegus phaenopyrum), red mulberry (Morus rubrum), and as mentioned, linden viburnum.
If you want the beautiful songs of a thrush (wood, hermit, veery or robin) to envelop your yard, try planting flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), ‘Winter Red’ winterberry (planted along with a male winterberry variety such as ‘Jim Dandy’), blueberry, or spicebush (Lindera benzoin).
While the brown thrasher and the wood thrush can fill your yard with glorious song, they won’t visually dazzle you with their two-tone, brown and white feathers. In order to get some color, you need to attract some finches. Cardinals and blue jays provide vibrant red, white and blue, but you will need to do almost nothing to attract them. A male goldfinch or indigo bunting can take your breath away with their beauty. A purple finch and, to a lesser degree, the house finch have lovely splashes of red over their brown and white streaks.
In order to attract finches, plant mustards, purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea), annual sunflower (Helianthus spp.), lettuces (when they produce a flowering stem), and zinnia.
I am going to end this article with telling you how to attract an elegantly beautiful bird that you can enjoy in spades as you rarely see just one. They flock and can strip a berry tree pretty quickly, but just getting to view them, especially through binoculars, is worth a naked tree afterwards. This avian delight is the regal-looking cedar waxwing. They love berries, so try planting trees and shrubs that get berries at different times of the year such as serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis), hawthorn, sour cherry (Prunus cerasus), sweet cherry (P. avium), red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa), or mulberry.
I hope the next time you decide to plant something new in your yard, you’ll plant something that will please both you and our feathered friends.